The Final Outcome: Braddock Tigers Football and the Strike of 1959


by Greg Nichols

For reasons that had nothing to do with Eisenhower, Taft-Hartley, or the Supreme Court, the air above Braddock was electric on November 6, 1959. It was game day, and the Tigers were playing their biggest rivals, neighboring North Braddock Scott, for a chance at the post-season. Braddock had had a few close calls leading up to this game, which was the last of the season, but with a win over Canon-McMillan the week before, Klausing and his Tigers had captured the national record. A fawning Sports Illustrated article was circulating through town, although Joe Stukus, the Braddock High principal, was burning every copy he could get his hands on. The article described Braddock as a down-and-out town, and said several of the Braddock players came from slums. Stukus, a proud civic booster, couldn’t stand the depiction.

Braddock fans began their march into North Braddock, toward Scott High, well before sunset. Under the best circumstances, neighboring towns will have some manner of rivalry. Braddock and North Braddock did not live together under the best circumstances. Braddock hugged the polluted Monongahela and was home to a giant steel mill. North Braddock sprawled high on the slope above Braddock; it was wealthier and whiter. A set of train tracks separated the towns.

The rivalry, not surprisingly, spilled over into football, the mutual enmity made more intense by the fact that the teams shared a field. Braddock, with no stadium of its own, played its home games at North Braddock Scott High. Between 1915 and 1970 the schools played 29 times. During the ’31 game, a fistfight broke out between players and spectators and resulted in a 16 year hiatus. During each of Braddock’s five previous title runs, they’d needed to beat Scott to earn a place in the championship. They’d been successful each time, though some of the victories had been won on a prayer. A year earlier, in 1958, a last minute field goal saved the season. The ball actually hit the crossbar. It limply rolled over, falling into the hands of the referee waiting below. Now, once more, both teams were undefeated. The championship game was the prize.

The game didn’t disappoint. Ray “Butch” Henderson had terrible hands. Klausing must have known before the game that drastic measures would be necessary. As the team was taping up earlier that afternoon, he’d told Henderson about a favorite trick of NFL receiving great Ray Berry. Berry wrapped his wrists each game, pulling the tape tight so it cut circulation to his fingers. Half asleep, his fingers relaxed. Relaxed fingers meant soft hands. Intrigued, Henderson had decided to wrap his own wrists.

The gimmick worked. Ray Henderson was suddenly Braddock’s go-to man. At the end of the fourth quarter, with Braddock trailing 12-9, Butch caught two passes for 35 yards. The crowd of 10,000 went wild as the boy dusted himself off. Quarterback John Jacobs made two more completions for gains, putting Braddock in Scott High territory with just over thirty seconds to play. Down by three, a tying field goal would jeopardize Braddock’s chances at the postseason. There was no overtime. Klausing called another passing play. Jacobs saw Butch streaking for the back of the end zone. He let one fly. Henderson hauled in the 26-yard pass, a beautiful over-the-shoulder grab for a touchdown. The kid with boards for hands had come through. Half of the fans in Scott Stadium went nuts. The other half looked on in disbelief. The Tigers had done it again.

Braddock beat Waynesburg 25-7 in the championship game. When Klausing had arrived in Braddock in 1954, the Tigers were a mediocre team with a long losing streak. In six seasons the coach hadn’t lost a game. Braddock had become a winning town by association, a point of pride in the region.

Braddock HS PA Football Highlights 1954 to 1959.

For steelworkers and the American steel industry, things didn’t turn out so well. The Supreme Court upheld Eisenhower’s Taft-Hartley injunction on November 7th, the day after the big game. In a daze, workers returned to the mills.

Things only got worse. With 85% of the industry nonoperational during the strike, American corporations found suppliers in Japan and Korea. Imports of steel doubled in 1959. Efficient sea transport was coming into its own and Asian steel was less costly. Over the next decade, the American steel industry went into a free fall.

Braddock’s population declined with it. Younger generations left in search of work. With the arrival of strip malls and the proliferation of the automobile, established workers settled in nearby suburbs. Unknowingly, Braddock’s half-dozen car dealers had sold their customers one-way tickets. In 1950, Braddock had 16,488 residents. By 1970, that number was down to 8,682. The decline persisted. The big stores closed down or moved on. The smaller shops simply dwindled. Many walked away from their buildings, from the town, leaving empty storefronts and vacant houses in their wake. The Edgar Thomson Works is still operational, but the men and women who work there drive out of Braddock when the whistle blows, away from the embattled town that was once the pride of the Monongahela.

Tagged with: , , , , , , , , , , , ,
Posted in Contemporary History, Sports History

What Happens Before the First Shots Are Fired?

by General Tony Zinni

Throughout our history we have committed our military to action hundreds of times. The reasons have been many and varied. After each of these commitments our military dutifully examines all our past interventions and wars attempting to glean lessons learned and codify the doctrine and tactics necessary to prepare and prevail in the next similar conflict.

But what about our political leadership and structure? They play, arguably, the most significant role in determining whether we win or lose. Those who sit in the Oval Office, lead our government’s departments and agencies, sit in Congress, and advise our executive and legislative branches of government come and go in a handful of years. They rarely enter their positions with any real experience in military matters or in national security issues; yet, they will make the critical decisions and set the strategy and policy that our troops must operate within.

Read more ›

Tagged with: , , , , , , , ,
Posted in Contemporary History, Military History

A Poem or a Song: What Was Francis Scott Key Writing That Night?

Fort McHenry

by Marc Leepson

Francis Scott Key loved poetry. From the time he was a child, he spun out rhyming verses with prolific regularity—verses that with one giant exception were at best overly flowery and at worse, embarrassingly amateurish. Verses that their author never meant to be seen or read outside the circle of his family and friends.

The giant exception was the patriotic paean to the American flag that he wrote on the fateful night of September 13-14, 1814, during one of the War of 1812’s most ferocious and crucial engagements, the Battle of Baltimore. That night a massive British fleet of warships tried to pound the city into submission with a constant stream of some 1,500 bomb, mortar and rocket shells as an intense thunderstorm punctuated the darkness.

Read more ›

Tagged with: , , , , , ,
Posted in Military History, Modern History

The Legend of the Braddock Tigers


by Greg Nichols

Big Bertha, a massive driving sled, haunted the Tigers’ dreams. It was rare for high school football teams to use sleds in the late 1950s, and rarer to see anything larger than a two-man version. Big Bertha was ten yards wide and had spots for seven players. Head Coach Chuck Klausing had enlisted a manager at the Edgar Thomson Works, the local U.S. Steel plant, to weld the mammoth contraption together. A latticework of scrap steel and thin padding, the finished product weighed a ton. Steelworkers borrowed a crane from the mill to hoist it off the truck and onto the Braddock High practice field. When Klausing instructed the first group of players to hit it, they bounced off.

Improbably, the Edgar Thomson Works is still around, still making steel. It’s a rare survivor in Western Pennsylvania, a region that’s lost most of the heavy industry that made it the economic engine of the 20th century. Braddock, where Edgar Thomson is located, also lives on. A mile-long stretch of vine-lashed buildings and vacant lots perched on the , it is home to 3000 kind, weary souls, about ten percent of its peak population. Braddock High football, once a matter of barroom pontificating, heavy betting, and unparalleled enjoyment across the Mon Valley – and, for a brief moment, a subject of real national interest – is a distant memory.

Read more ›

Tagged with: , , , , , , , , , ,
Posted in Contemporary History, Sports History

Inside the Fight: Level Zero Heroes

By Michael Golembesky

It all started with a promise—a promise that I kept to the members of my Marine Special Operations Team—that If we survived our tour in Afghanistan, I would tell our story. But it’s not just the story of one small team. It is the story of everyone who fought and died in the Bala Murghab River Valley—American paratroopers, Italian infantry and loyal Afghan units. At night I would scribble down notes in my journal or type them out on my laptop, not knowing if anything would ever become of them. At the moment I didn’t know, but those notes would become the foundation of the book known as Level Zero Heroes.

Read more ›

Tagged with: , , , , , ,
Posted in Contemporary History, Military History

Receive our Monthly Newsletter

Sign Up

Stay informed through expert articles, interviews, and quotes.

About Us

For more than sixty years, St. Martin’s Press has published award-winning history books on a range of subjects.

Drawing on this impressive stable of experts from ancient, medieval, modern, contemporary, and military history, The History Reader offers articles, interviews, insights, and further reading for history buffs and book lovers everywhere.

Newsworthy Books and Further Reading

The Romanov Sisters is an 12-Week New York Times Best Seller!

Read New York Daily News review written by Sherryl Connelly on Michael Golebesky's Level Zero Heroes.