Solomon Islands Campaign, August 7, 1942 – December 25, 1943

Solomon Islands Campaign

Editor: Michael Spilling and Consultant Editor: Chris McNab

The Solomon Islands Campaign

By April 1942, the Japanese line extended from the Burma–India border, east to the Philippines, New Britain and the Solomon Islands. Air and naval bases at Bougainville and New Georgia supported their campaign on New Guinea. To check and isolate Japanese air and naval power, the Allies planned a counter-offensive, beginning with the amphibious conquests of Tulagi and Guadalcanal. By 9 February 1943, the Japanese were expelled from both places at tremendous cost.  More than 7000 Allied and 30,000 Japanese lives has been lost. Read more ›

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Posted in Military History

The Lewis Chessmen: Brexit and a New North Sea Style

Viking helmets. By Helgi Halldórsson from Reykjavík, Iceland. Image is in the public domain via

by Nancy Marie Brown

Look at a map and remember the key position this area enjoyed from the 8th to the 13th centuries. From the beginning of the Viking Age in 793, the sea road connected these places we think of as far apart and culturally distinct.  They include Norway and Scotland, England and Iceland, the Orkney Islands and Greenland, the Hebrides and Newfoundland. This empire of the North lasted almost 500 years.  Until the Norwegian king signed the Treaty of Perth in 1266, finally ceding control of the islands off Scotland. Read more ›

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Posted in Medieval History

The Higgins Boat: America’s First Amphibious Warfare Strategy

Higgins Boat

Michael E. Haskew

From the inception of amphibious warfare strategy and tactics, the Marine Corps sought the most efficient method of moving fighting men from ship to shore. Finding a proper landing craft that could reach the beach and discharge Marines swiftly sometimes seemed an insurmountable problem. Read more ›

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Posted in Military History

How General George Washington Spies Defeated the British

General George Washington

by John A. Nagy

General George Washington was always concerned about spies. They were a constant problem except when the armies were on the move. He knew he could not stop all of them, so feeding them false information was his next best defense. With that in mind on December 12, 1776, he told Colonel John Cadwalader of the Philadelphia Associators of the Pennsylvania militia. “Keep a good look out for spies; endeavor to magnify your numbers as much as possible.” It was a ploy he would use over and over again in creating false troop information. Inflating the size and giving the wrong location of his forces for spies to discover and take back to enemy headquarters. Read more ›

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Posted in Military History

The Battle of Cambrai–St Quentin, Sept 27 – Oct 9,1918

Cambrai-St Quentin

Editor: Michael Spilling and Consultant Editor: Chris McNab

The attack on the Cambrai–St Quentin sector was intended as the British portion of a joint offensive all along the Western Front. French Marshal Ferdinand Foch, the architect of Allied strategy, wanted attacks on the entire length of the front to prevent the Germans from focusing their dwindling resources in one area only. Read more ›

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Posted in Military History

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