Operation Market Garden: Arnham, September 17–21, 1944

Operation Market Garden

Editor: Michael Spilling and Consultant Editor: Chris McNab

On 17 September 1944, the Anglo-Canadian 21st Army Group and the First Allied Airborne Army initiated Operation Market Garden.  An audacious ground offensive augmented by the dropping of three Allied airborne divisions into the German rear. Read more ›

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Posted in Military History

JSOC Missions From Masirah: Taliban Missions in Afghanistan


by Sean Naylor

The vastness of the moonless night sky swallowed the turboprop drone of the four blacked-out Combat Talons high above Pakistan’s Baluchistan province. Headed north, the planes crossed into Afghan airspace at about 11 p.m., October 19. Skimming low across the Registan Desert. On board were 199 Rangers with a mission to seize a desert airstrip and thus send a message to the world that the United States was able to put troops on the ground in Afghanistan at will. Read more ›

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Posted in Military History

Normandy Landings, June 6, 1944

Normandy Landings

Editor: Michael Spilling and Consultant Editor: Chris McNab

The initial British–Canadian–American Normandy landings (Operation Neptune, the first stage of Operation Overlord), aimed “to secure a lodgement on the continent from which further offensive operations can be developed”. Many preconditions had to be met before the cross-Channel operation could be contemplated.  The vast American forces had to be transported to Britain, requiring the defeat of the U-boats and the availability of huge amounts of shipping. This lead to a high degree of command of the sea and air in the area had to be achieved.  Finally it meant an enormous amphibious forces had to be built up and trained. Read more ›

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Posted in Military History

Marine Corps Desegregation: WWII Begins to Break Barriers

Marine Corps Desegregation

Michael E. Haskew

Although President Harry S. Truman did not sign the legislation that officially ratified Marine Corps Desegregation the U.S. armed forces until July 26, 1948. African-American Marines had trained and served in a segregated Marine Corps since early in World War II. In June 1942, the Marine Corps authorized African-Americans to enlist in all-Black units, and separate training facilities were then established for them. Read more ›

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Posted in Military History

The Rise and Fall of the Viking Crusades


by John Haywood

The Wendish Crusade

In 1144, the crusaders lost the key city of Edessa in Syria to the Turks. Pope Eugenius III’s response to this setback was to call the Second Crusade, the first major crusading expedition to the Holy Land since Jerusalem was captured in 1099. The main expedition, led by kings Louis VII of France and Conrad III of Germany, was directed at the Turks (and was a disastrous failure). But Eugenius widened the concept of the crusade by offering the same spiritual incentives to knights from northern Germany who wanted to launch a campaign against the pagan Wends of the southern Baltic region. Read more ›

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Posted in Medieval History

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