The Battle of Gettysburg, 1–3 July 1863


Editor: Michael Spilling and Consultant Editor: Chris McNab

On 30 June, Meade advised MGen John Reynolds that it seemed Lee would concentrate his forces near the small town of Gettysburg. Reynolds thus sent BGen John Buford and two cavalry brigades towards Gettysburg to find Lee. Read more ›

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Posted in Military History

Marine Raiders: Evans Carlson’s Noble Experiment

Marine Raiders

Michael E. Haskew

The 1st and 2nd Raider Battalions, U.S. Marine Corps, which fought so bravely under Lieutenant Colonel Merritt A. “Red Mike” Edson and Lieutenant Colonel Evans F. Carlson at Guadalcanal were the embodiment of a noble experiment that began in the early days of World War II. The short-lived Marine Raiders, four of which were eventually formed, were sanctioned by Lieutenant General Thomas Holcomb, the Commandant of the Marine Corps, in February 1942. Read more ›

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Posted in Military History

The Battle of Shiloh, 6–7 April 1862


Editor: Michael Spilling and Consultant Editor: Chris McNab

Just 2km south-west of Pittsburg Landing was Shiloh Church, the feature that would give the upcoming battle its common name. Stinging from Major General Ulysses Grant’s victories at Forts Henry and Donelson in February 1862, Gen Albert Sidney Johnston had withdrawn from Tennessee and concentrated his Confederate forces at Corinth, Mississippi. Read more ›

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Posted in Military History

Long Binh Jail: US Military Prisons in the Vietnam War

Long Binh Jail

by Hannah Kohler

Over the course of the Vietnam War, the US Army stockade at Long Binh or Long Binh Jail, nicknamed LBJ and the Marine Brig in Da Nang incarcerated thousands of US military personnel. To give an idea: of the total 2.2 million men drafted between 1965 and 1973, 34,000 were imprisoned following courts-martial (Jerold M. Starr, “Who Fought for the U.S.: The Lessons of the Vietnam War”). Crimes varied from more minor offences (refusing a haircut, smoking marijuana)—to significant acts of military disobedience (refusing military orders, going AWOL)—to serious violent felonies (murder, rape). Those convicted of felonies requiring sentences of less than a year completed their sentence in Vietnam (which did not count against the offender’s year-long tour in country); those who committed more serious crimes were held in the stockade until transfer to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. Read more ›

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Posted in Military History

Marine Fighting Squadron VMF 221: Defending Midway

VMF 221

Michael E. Haskew

During the weeks that followed the outbreak of war, the garrison on Midway was steadily augmented. On December 17, the arrival of 17 Vought SB2U Vindicator dive-bombers of Marine Scout Bombing Squadron 231 (VMSB 231) arrived, completing the long flight from Hawaii. Within a couple of days more reinforcements were delivered. The 5 in seacoast guns of Batteries A and C, 4th Defense Battalion came ashore. Hours later, 14 obsolete F2A-3 Brewster Buffalo aircraft, the vanguard of Marine Fighter Squadron 221 (VMF 221), landed at Midway. Read more ›

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Posted in Military History

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