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The Rise and Fall of the Viking Crusades

by John Haywood The Wendish Crusade In 1144, the crusaders lost the key city of Edessa in Syria to the Turks. Pope Eugenius III’s response to this setback was to call the Second Crusade, the first major crusading expedition to

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The Lewis Chessmen: Brexit and a New North Sea Style

by Nancy Marie Brown Look at a map and remember the key position this area enjoyed from the 8th to the 13th centuries. From the beginning of the Viking Age in 793, the sea road connected these places we think

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Ivory Vikings: Go Berserk in 5 Easy Lessons

Ivory Vikings

by Nancy Marie Brown 1. Take off your shirt. “Berserk” comes from an Old Norse word meaning “bare-shirt” or, maybe, “bear-shirt.” Snorri Sturluson, the 13th-century Icelander who is our main source of Viking lore, isn’t clear (maybe on purpose). In

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