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The Siege of Madrid Through Photographs

Refugees Flee Madrid

by Marc Aronson and Marina Budhos ON THE LEFT BANK of the Manzanares River , the scrub grass is stiff with frost. Capa, Regler, and an officer peer across the water, trying to make out the enemy’s position. The three

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Posted in Modern History

Hemingway and La Feria de San Fermín

by A.E. Hotchner In the spring of 1948, I was dispatched to Havana on the ridiculous mission of asking Ernest Hemingway to write an article on “The Future of Literature.” I was with Cosmopolitan, then a literary magazine, before its

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Posted in Modern History

Bulls Before Breakfast: The Pamplona Bull Run

Pamplona Bull Run - Bulls Before Breakfast - San Fermin

by Peter N. Milligan I run with the bulls in Pamplona, Spain, in the summertime with my adoptive brother Ari at the famous San Fermín fiesta. After I come home, I deliver eight or nine pairs of white pants for

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Posted in Contemporary History

Treaty of Tordesillas: The 1494 Decision Still Influencing Today’s World

By Stephen R. Brown The bull Inter Caetera and several other bulls from the same era form the basis of the 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas between Spain and Portugal. The treaty was, among other things, a catalyst in the development

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Posted in Ancient & Medieval History, Medieval History

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